How to Create Supportive Classroom Culture for Students to Improve Their Fitness?

Peer support in PE means students motivating and guiding each other. They help one another reach fitness goals, comprehend the importance of staying active, and foster a lifelong fitness habit. While teachers are the primary source of guidance, peer support adds depth, ensuring every student feels valued and motivated by their peers.

Following animation is designed as a guide for PE teachers. Key cognitive level in this scenario is procedural, while scenario can be performed in 12-24 weeks.

Adolescents' participation and persistence in physical education classes are significantly influenced by the level of peer support they receive. Research indicates that stronger peer support correlates with better adherence to physical exercise routines and heightened levels of physical activity among adolescents. This support doesn't just push adolescents to participate but also enhances their confidence in their abilities, known as self-efficacy, which plays a crucial role in maintaining exercise habits. Interestingly, the impact of peer support on physical activity is not direct but is mediated through factors such as self-efficacy and enjoyment, with self-efficacy showing a more substantial influence.

The emotional and motivational support provided by peers helps adolescents feel more competent and motivated to engage in physical activities. This supportive environment fosters a sense of belonging and enjoyment in physical education classes, further enhancing exercise adherence. The presence of peer support significantly increases the likelihood of adolescents engaging in regular moderate to vigorous physical activities. These findings underscore the importance of cultivating strong, supportive peer relationships in physical education settings to promote a more active and healthier lifestyle among adolescents.

References / Further reading
  1. Zou, Y., Liu, S., Guo, S., Zhao, Q., & Cai, Y. (2023). Peer Support and Exercise Adherence in Adolescents: The Chain-Mediated Effects of Self-Efficacy and Self-Regulation. Children (Basel, Switzerland), 10(2), 401.

  2. Haidar, A., Ranjit, N., Archer, N., & Hoelscher, D. M. (2019). Parental and peer social support is associated with healthier physical activity behaviors in adolescents: A cross-sectional analysis of Texas School Physical Activity and Nutrition (TX SPAN) data. BMC Public Health, 19(640).

  3. Chen, H., Sun, H., & Dai, J. (2017). Peer support and adolescents’ physical activity: The mediating roles of self-efficacy and enjoyment. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 42(5), 569–577.

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